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Information: The digital universe.

What constitiutes, connects and controls the universe: information.
What is the relationship between energy, mass, and the current structure
and process of the universe: information. So what? And
how do you know?
What is information. We can easily understand information as digital
bits: 0 or 1. The key to information is state and time. Without
time and the ability to retain the state for some duration of time, there
is no information. The key is: difference and time.

In the abstract world of mathematics and information science, digital
information is well understood. A problem, however, lies in relating
the "reality" of the universe and the abstract models of mathematics and
information science. One problem with mathematics is that one
can easily formulate an mathematical model that is not physically realizable.

Current science, more specificly, physics has a problem that its current
widely accepted theory: quantum mechanics is not directly related to the
digital domain, that is, information. Quantum mechanics is a statistical
theory. We all are frustrated in the problem of not being able to
probe below the Planck scale. The problem is all these particles
in the particle zoo behave like statistical entities.. **That's because
their ***are* statistical entities. The only entities in our
universe are dynamic structures that form into relatively stable structures
are the result of a dynamic collection bits of information at a finer grain.
We, unfortunately don't know why or how these dynamic entities (fermions
and bosons) form.

This problem is intuitively understandable. To detect a difference,
i.e., a bit, we must use organized structures (elementary particles) to
"see" it. The problem is these particles are highly dynamic (the
bits of information probably propagate at the speed of light) and these
particles are very large relative to "one bit" of information. For
example, the hypothesized superstrings which make up particles, such as
electrons, quarks, photons, and neutrinos, are estimated to be smaller
than 10^{-33}cm. Superstrings, if they exist, and lets assume
they do in some form, contain a great deal of information. Superstrings
are large compared to a single bit. Therefore, it is very understandable
why we cannot *directly* detect that the universe is digital.