Keirsey Temperaments

A Symbotrophic Layer of Complexity

Heterotrophic layer
Autotrophic layer

Symbo - together,  trophic - to feed

This is the region of time and space of a part of a macrosystem that contains the edge-of-chaos information in the form of entities and overall temperature that preserve a edge-of-chaos state at certain level of complexity.  The majority entities in the region are microsystems of a certain major complexity, N+1.  This majority of microsystems determines the complexity of the region, which is the edge-of-chaos region of a macrosystem.  An symbotrophic layer contains primarily entities that depend on for existence or "ontogeny," other entities of the N major level of complexity,  and incorporate those entities as part of its existence and "ontogeny".


   Societies (complexity 7)  depend on families (e.g., farmers, crafters)  (complexity 6) for reproduction and trade (metabolism).

  Families (complexity 6) depend on male organisms  and female organisms (complexity level 5) for reproduction and food and protection (metabolism).

  Eucaryotic organisms (complexity level 5) depend on the mitocondria and kinetosomes (complexity level 4) or plastid "bacteria" for metabolism and reproduction.

  Procaryotic cells (complexity level 4) depend on lipids, nucleic acids, and proteins (complexity level 3) for metabolism and repair.

  Proteins (complexity 3) depend on atoms: carbon, oxygen(complexity 2), hydrogen (complexity level 1 and 2).

  Atoms (complexity level 2) depend on nucleons (complexity level 1) and fermions (complexity level 0).

  Nucleons (complexity level 1) depend on quarks  (complexity level 0) and bosons (complexity level -1?)

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1994-2015, David M Keirsey.